The A21 Campaign
The A21 Campaign is a non-profit, non-governmental organization that works to fight human trafficking, including sexual exploitation and forced slave labour. The campaign was founded by Christine Caine, an international motivational speaker, in 2008 Aiming to “abolish injustice in the 21st century,”
The A21 Campaign develops global programs and initiatives that encourage students and the general public to be abolitionists in their own way. The A21 Campaign has teams on the ground in Ukraine, Greece, Bulgaria, the United Kingdom, Norway, the United States, South Africa, Thailand and Australia.
The A21 Campaign works towards:
- Prevention through awareness and education.They have created student programs and curriculum resources for schools, orphanages, and universities to educate potential victims and the general public about trafficking. Indeed, people of all ages are equipped with strategies to avoid becoming a victim of human trafficking, and to recognize the signs that may indicate that an individual is being trafficked. Their goal is for the student programs to prevent human trafficking before it begins, making use of all forms of communication, from their abolitionist A-teams raising awareness to global mass media.
- Protection, by providing care through their shelters and transition homes across Europe.These shelters and transition homes are safe places for victims to feel empowered to live in freedom. The A21 Campaign wants to move trafficking survivors past crisis to stabilization, equip them with skills they can use in the future, and assist them with making the next step after they leave the homes.
- Prosecution of traffickers and the strengthening the legal response to human trafficking.The A21 Campaign offers legal council to every victim in their care, and represents them in criminal proceedings.
- Partnering with local law enforcement, service providers, and community members to meet a comprehensive set of needs for those rescued from bondage.The A21 Campaign aims to strengthen every aspect of international anti-trafficking efforts so that it can see slavery abolished in the 21st Century.
Anti Slavery International
Anti-Slavery International is committed to eradicating all forms of slavery throughout the world including forced labour, bonded labour trafficking of human beings, descent-based slavery and the worst forms of child labour.
Anti-Slavery International tries to respond to slavery in a holistic way, dealing also with the root causes and consequences of slavery. It uses the following approaches to achieve its goal in a long-term and sustainable way:
Collecting information about these human rights abuses, bringing them to the attention of the public and promoting public action to end them;
- Identifying ways in which abuses can be brought to an end, and influencing policymakers and governments or other institutions at national and international levels to take action accordingly; and
- Supporting victims of slavery and similar practices in their struggle for freedom, in particular by working with, and building the capacity of, local partner organisations to effectively tackle these abuses in their own countries.
- Empowering individuals and communities vulnerable to slavery to demand respect for their human rights, access effective remedies and obtain protection from slavery.
- Awareness-raising among the general public is increased and key social agents so that they demonstrate their commitment to eliminate slavery.
In the UK Project Issara http://www.projectissara.org/ has a field team comprised of specialists from Anti-Slavery International, Faro Global, and Emerging Markets Consulting.
On 8 September 2014, a coalition of 10 UK retailers and seafood importers and IDH Sustainable Trade Initiative joined forces with Project Issara to launch a pilot project in Thailand to identify and address risks of human trafficking and labour abuses in their seafood supply chains. The private sector partners included retailers Asda/Walmart, Marks and Spencer, The Co-operative Food, Sainsbury’s, Tesco, and Waitrose, and seafood importers CP Foods UK, Lyons Seafoods, Sea-Farms, and Young’s Seafood. The first step in the launch of the project was to engage top-tier Thai seafood exporters including CP Foods, Kingfisher, Seafresh, and Thai Union, who will in turn engage other local businesses in their supply chain including aquaculture farms, fishmeal plants, and fishing companies.
HERA Entrepreneurs Against Trafficking
HERA works for women’s equality rights and economic autonomy:
- Women survivors trafficked for sexual exploitation and other forms of forced labour
- Young women vulnerable to dangerous migration, trafficking, and retrafficking
- Women survivors of violence, exploitation, and conflict
Hestia currently provide safe-house accommodation as well as outreach visiting support for both male and female victims of human trafficking in England. Hestia services provide them with the emotional and practical support they need to seize back control of their lives; recognising them as victims, empowering them as survivors, and advocating on their behalf to ensure that their rights are respected.
Hope for Justice
Hope for Justice identifies and rescues victims, advocates on their behalf, provides restorative care which rebuilds lives and trains front line professionals to tackle slavery. From five offices across three continents Hope for Justice operates a multi-disciplinary model based on years of combined experience.
In the UK Hope for Justice has developed a model to deal with the complex issues facing trafficking victims and perpetrators in the UK. A team of specialists provide training for professionals, identification and rescue of victims, and advocacy and restoration to help victims become survivors and then ‘over-comers’ with a renewed sense of hope and purpose for their future.
Hope for Justice is one of the charities in the UK that works with the Police to identify and rescue victims of trafficking and has ex police officers amongst its workforce. Hope for Justice is part of the recent initiative in West Yorkshire where the Police have set up a unit to tackle human trafficking. Hope for Justice will train police staff on the signs of trafficking.
International Justice Mission
International Justice Mission is a human rights organisation that works mainly abroad but has a UK awareness raising and fund raising presence. IJM works in collaboration with Stop the Traffik at the Manchester Airport Travel Save Initiative.
IJM secures justice for victims of slavery, sexual exploitation and other forms of violent oppression. IJM lawyers, investigators and aftercare professionals work with local officials to ensure immediate victim rescue and aftercare, to prosecute perpetrators and to promote functioning public justice systems.
IJM staff work in 18 field offices in countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America to secure tangible and sustainable protection for victims of injustice through implementation of national laws through local court systems.
IJM is headquartered in Washington, D.C., overseeing and directing field operations. There are currently four affiliate offices located in the UK, Canada, Germany, Australia and the Netherlands. IJM UK began operations in 2006 under the leadership of Terry Tennens, with a number of goals:
- to raise awareness of injustices in the world and how IJM responds;
- to gather support, both of finances and prospective employees;
- to form partnerships that strengthen and expand IJM’s global operations; and
- to engage Westminster and Brussels with the aims of promoting functioning public justice systems and mobilising intervention on behalf of the oppressed.
The Medaille Trust is a charity founded to help women, young men and children who have been freed from human-trafficking.
The work of the Medaille Trust is the empowerment of women, young men and children, who have been freed from the human-trafficking industry here in the UK, enabling them to regain their dignity and self-worth. Medaille do this by providing safe housing and offering opportunities for physical and psychological healing and rehabilitation. They raise awareness of the plight of those who are enslaved and exploited in the sex-trafficking industry in the UK and campaign on this issue.
The Medaille Trust is a First Responder for the National Referral Mechanism (NRM) which is the process by which an individual is identified as a victim of human trafficking. Referrals to the NRM can only be made by authorised agencies known as First Responders. Authorised agencies in the UK are the police force, the UK Border Force, Home Office Immigration and Visas, social services and certain Non-Governmental Organisations. The Government’s NRM team have a target of five working days from receipt of a referral to decide whether there are reasonable grounds to believe that a person is a potential victim of human trafficking. This deadline is set by the Government. If it is decided that they are a potential victim then they will be offered a place at a safehouse and granted a period of reflection and recovery of 45 days. This can be extended if the victim needs this kind of support for a longer period or if making the decision takes longer. During this time further information is gathered relating to the referral from the First Responder and other agencies. They will then decide whether the person is indeed a victim of human trafficking. The target for this decision is within the 45-day recovery period.
The Poppy Project was set up in 2003 to provide high-quality support, advocacy and accommodation to trafficked women; that is, women who have been brought into England or Wales to be exploited in some way. This could include but is not limited to sexual exploitation, labour exploitation, forced illicit activities and organ harvesting.
Support workers work with women to create individual support plans for them, which can include financial help, support accessing health services and treatment, specialist counselling, criminal and immigration-related legal advice, education and employment opportunities and other support as needed.
The specialist support programme is designed to preserve the dignity of victims, protect and care for them in safe accommodation, and provide access to confidential client-based support services to give victims the space to reflect, recover and rebuild their lives.
Through their partners the Salvation Army provides safehouses for victims of trafficking across the country. The Council of Europe Convention requires that potential and actual victims of human trafficking have specific entitlements to support. These include:
- assistance Material
- Access to psychological support
- Access to legal advice and assistance
- Emergency medical treatment
- Education for the victim’s children
- Translation and interpretation services when appropriate.
From the moment victims enter our safehouses, they are given advice and support to prepare them for when they have to leave the service to continue their recovery.
Support for victims of trafficking who don’t need accommodation:
- Material assistance
- Access to psychological support
- Access to legal advice and assistance
- Emergency medical treatment
- Translation and interpretation services when appropriate
- Education for children.
They often accompany victims to important meetings and work alongside other key professionals such as solicitors and local authorities. They work with victims to develop supportive links within the community and help them have access to training opportunities and secure employment.
For those outside of the European Economic Area (EEA) the Government operates something called Assisted Voluntary Return through Refugee Action. The Salvation Army and its subcontractors assist victims to access this if appropriate and offer ongoing support.
For those who are EEA residents, The Salvation Army and its subcontractors and partners will provide direct support to help people move back home.
The Salvation Army is a First Responder for the NRM.
Stop the Traffik
Stop the Traffik aims to prevent human trafficking, prosecute human traffickers, and protect human trafficking victims. The global movement with a strong presence in the UK informs and equips people to do what they can in their local communities to prevent and tackle human trafficking.
Since 2006, Stop the Traffik have been running a campaign which focuses on ending child trafficking into the cocoa industry. Specific emphasis is on the major cocoa growing nations of West Africa, particularly Côte d’Ivoire, which together produces over a third of the world’s cocoa The campaign has seen some success, with several major chocolate manufacturers agreeing to adopt Fairtrade or Rainforest Alliance cocoa. Some of those who have announced this switch since the campaign began: Mars have pledged to make their Galaxy bar Traffic Free by 2010, and their global range by 2020; Dutch manufacturer Verkade committed to 100% fair-trade cocoa and sugar in their chocolate bars in the Netherlands from autumn 2008; Swiss Noire committed to fair-trade cocoa in their chocolate bars in the Netherlands from March 2009; Cadbury committed to producing a fair-trade Dairy Milk bar in the UK and Ireland from autumn 2009.
Active Communities against Trafficking (ACT)
Stop the Traffik are running an ongoing community-based project called ACT which focuses on community mobilisation against human trafficking locally. As Stop the Traffick state: “Trafficking starts in a community and it can be stopped by the community. The project works by communities forming ACT groups, which seek and share knowledge and understanding of trafficking and how it affects their local community. These groups then use this information to proactively respond in order to stop the traffic.
Start Freedom project
Start Freedom is another Stop the Traffik project launched in October 2009 and was developed in conjunction with the United Nations and the Serious Organised Crime Agency. It is designed to teach the world about trafficking and consists of educational resources in over 10 languages. Start Freedom lessons have been downloaded in 97 countries. The campaign encourages people to sign up, promote it to their local schools and interact with others. In March 2010 Stop the Traffik celebrated Start Freedom Week during which young people shared their freedom adventures with their community through street theatre, film, dance, art, writing and photographs. The world’s first “Global Classroom on Human Trafficking” was hosted and saw 180 young people from across five continents interact with each other and with experts to learn more about human trafficking and what they could do about it in their communities. The goal is to adapt and expand this project to empower young people in vulnerable groups and communities in low income countries through cooperating with NGOs.
Business Travellers Against Trafficking
Business Travellers Against Trafficking aims to inform and educate those who travel internationally to identify and report suspected incidences of trafficking that they see as they travel. The Business Travellers website provides an area in which travellers can report suspicious behaviour or activities, can read stories of human trafficking worldwide and can network with one another. In support of this project Stop the Traffik created and issued Business Traveller wallet cards. These are business card sized and contain the details of major international police agencies as well as details of the Business Travellers website.
In March 2009 Stop the Traffik launched its first book titled Stop the Traffik: People shouldn’t be bought and sold, written by Steve Chalke with a chapter by Cherie Blair. The book covers all of the central issues surrounding human rights and trafficking.
Stop the Traffik also run individually designed training programmes designed to be delivered to all manner of professionals and authorities who may come into contact with victims or perpetrators of human trafficking. This training is multi-agency and interactive in nature, is made relevant and applicable to the participants being trained, and is delivered by experienced practitioners. Training programmes can be adapted to suit the specific needs of individual groups, take into account relevant policy and recent developments, and centre on four key areas:
- What is human trafficking?
- What is being done to tackle human trafficking?
- What are the signs of human trafficking, and how is it reported?
- What can the community do to tackle human trafficking?
More recently, Stop the Traffik launched Freedom Ticket for Life which supports projects in trafficking hot spots. Around the world, girls are less likely to go to school and more likely to be illiterate than their brothers. ] Less education and training means girls have fewer opportunities to get a job when they are older. This makes girls more vulnerable to being trafficked. The longer a girl is in education the safer she is and the more options she has available about her future afterwards. Currently, the campaign supports projects in Kyrgyzstan, Tanzania and Thailand, and gives the opportunity for Child Sponsorship in Thailand, Philippines, Bangladesh, Uganda and India.
UKHTC (United Kingdom Human Trafficking Centre)
The UKHTC is part of the Organised Crime Command in the NCA. It works in a coordinated way within the UK and internationally. The UKHTC work to combat human trafficking involves a wide range of partners and stakeholders.
The UKHTC’s partners include police forces, the Home Office and other government departments, the UK Border Force, the Gangmasters Licensing Authority, international agencies, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and many charitable and voluntary expert groups.
The United Nations Children’s Fund (formerly United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund) ensures more of the world’s children are fed, vaccinated, educated and protected than any other organisation. UNICEF works in over 190 countries around the world and has done more to influence laws, policies and customs to help protect children than anyone else in history.
Right now, children are in danger. UINICEF helps children face violence, disease, hunger and the chaos of war and disaster. It does so by funding projects and providing emergency disaster relief. UNICEF is also a campaigning organisation and you can sign their petition to make children a priority in the Anti Slavery Bill
Child trafficking is just a small part of UNICEF’s work.
A charity to disrupt and challenge trafficking at all levels. Unseen has lottery funding specifically for Unseen’s WATER (Women’s Anti-trafficking Emergency Refuge) Project – the only safe-house in the South west and one of only three services in the country offering 24/7 support to victims of human trafficking – and Unseen’s unique Resettlement Programme – supporting women as they continue their journey of recovery once they leave the safe-house.